Motivation is essential to do anything in life. From waking up in the morning to going to sleep on time, you require motivation. Due to a lack of motivation, some students think to pay someone to write my essay UK for them. Thus, to increase motivation, you should implement the different theories of motivation discussed in the field of psychology.
Let’s take a look at some of them.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs:
This is the most influential theory of motivation that is originated by Abraham Maslow. The renowned psychologist picked up on the knowledge he gathered from his clinical experience and contributed to the scientific community through this phenomenal theory.
The theory stipulates that to meet one need, its prior need has to be fulfilled. This encourages the individual to formulate motivation. However, the theory has received some criticism as some people suggest that the hierarchy doesn’t need to follow the prescribed order.
Herzberg’s Hygiene Motivation Theory:
To extend the work of fellow psychologists, Abraham Maslow, Fredrick Herzberg postulated this advance motivation theory. This popular motivational theory is based on the concepts of the two-factor theory.
They experimented with office staff and asked them when they feel satisfied and dissatisfied with their job. The answers were pretty straight forward. The positive emotions were linked to satisfaction whereas the negative emotions were linked to dissatisfaction. The satisfied staff was labeled as the motivators whereas the issues raised were labeled as hygiene and maintenance staff. Thus, it was concluded that two factors are responsible for generating motivation and demotivation.
McClelland’s Theory of Needs:
Another theory that is based on needs is that of McClelland’s theory of motivation. What was interesting to observe was how he compared needs with learning theory as he firmly believed that either, needs are learned or they are acquired from respective experiences. Thus, they contribute to establishing a sense of motivation accordingly. The three key elements of this theory are the need for affiliation, the need for power, and the need for achievement.
McGregor’s Participation Theory:
In the participation theory, McGregor highlighted the two human beings into categories X and Y. In category X, there are people with negative assumptions about human beings. Thus, they were assumed to be self-centered, gullible, and the people who dislike ambition and responsibility. On the contrary, need theory Y assumed that human beings are ambitious, goal-oriented, and perfectly capable of directing their behavior.
The idea is to acknowledge that no one resides at the end of categories as they are always found carrying the amalgamation of these features. Thus, the person may be self-centered.
However, that doesn’t mean that they lack purpose and goals as well. Moreover, the X and Y categories decide the overall moods and motivations of the beings.
Vroom’s Expectancy Theory:
The principles of this motivational theory are based on the cognitive school of thought. In essence, if the chances of supportive outcomes are high, the individuals will be persuaded or motivated to work harder. Valence, expectancy, and instrumentality are three crucial concepts of this theory.